The state of Hawaii has a vibrant military community spread across several bases and multiple islands. Due to its strategic location, the U.S. signed a treaty in 1887 with the Hawaiian Kingdom long before it was even a state. After being annexed in 1898, the U.S. Army and Navy moved in to establish Pearl Harbor and Schofield Barracks. The state is home to eleven military installations:

      • Air Station Barbers Point
      • Barking Sands Missile Range
      • Camp H.M. Smith
      • Fort Shafter
      • Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam
      • Marine Corps Base Hawaii
      • Pohakuloa Training Area
      • Schofield Barracks
      • Tripler Medical Center
      • USCG ISC Honolulu
      • Wheeler Army Airfield

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Air Station Barbers Point

Barber’s Point’s history precedes the Coast Guard. In 1942 it was commissioned as Naval Air Station Barbers Point, and in 1945 the Coast Guard started to have a presence at the base. In 1965 it was officially renamed to Air Station Barbers Point, and has a primary mission of providing search and rescue support to the central Pacific maritime region.

For more information, please see the base website: Air Station Barbers Point

Barking Sands Missile Range

In 1940, the U.S. Army acquired the land after recognizing its potential for military aviation and it became known as Barking Sands Air base in 1941. Because of its length, this runway played a key role in supporting the Battle of Midway during World War II. In 1956 the U.S. Navy took control of the base and transitioned its mission towards missile testing. It is capable of supporting testing and training for surface-launched missiles, air-launched missiles, subsurface-launched missiles, space operations, and other missile defense systems.

For more information, please see the base website: Barking Sands Missile Range

Camp H.M. Smith

During World War II, Congress approved the construction of a large naval hospital and the site of Camp H.M. Smith was chosen. After the attacks on Pearl Harbor, the need for medical care in the Pacific increased so construction continued until its completion in 1944. Fortunately the need for hospital diminished after the war, and the hospital was decommissioned in 1949. In 1955 the Marine Corps selected the old hospital site as the new home for the Fleet Marine Force Pacific, and the base was renamed in honor of General Holland McTyeire Smith, the first commanding general of Fleet Marine Force Pacific. 

For more information, please see the base website: Camp H.M. Smith

Fort Shafter

Fort Shafter is the oldest active U.S. Army post on the island of Oahu. It was officially named in 1907 after Major General William Rufus Shafter, a distinguished officer in the American Civil War and the Spanish-American war. It wasn’t until Pearl Harbor in 1941 that units in Hawaii saw combat. During World War II, it became the headquarters for the U.S. Army’s Pacific theater operations. 

For more information, please see the base website: Fort Shafter

Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam

Pearl Harbor was established in 1899 as a U.S. Navy coaling and repair station, and Hickam Field was established in the 1930s by the U.S. Army Air Corps. It wasn’t until 2010 that these two long standing bases were merged to streamline operations and improve efficiency. The merger aimed to reduce redundancy, consolidate resources, and enhance joint training and operational capabilities. 

For more information, please see the base website: Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam

Marine Corps Base Hawaii – Kaneohe Bay

Originally an Army base, Marine Corps Base Hawaii – Kaneohe Bay came to be in the 1950s when the Marines took control from the Navy. The base provides air base facilities, training grounds, and operations support for Marine Corps aviation units. It supports a variety of helicopters, including CH-53E Super Stallions and UH-1Y Hueys, crucial for transporting troops and equipment.

For more information, please see the base website: Marine Corps Base Hawaii

Pohakuloa Training Area

Also known as PTA, this training area provides a vital space for U.S. military forces and allies to train on the island of Hawaii. It covers over 133,000 acres and is the largest training area in the Pacific region. It is the only area in Hawaii where live-fire artillery exercises are allowed.

For more information, please see the base website: Pohakuloa Training Area

Schofield Barracks

Nestled in the central valley of Oahu, Schofield Barracks is the largest U.S. Army installation in Hawaii. The base was established in 1908 after identifying the need to safeguard Pearl Harbor. It was named after Lieutenant General John MCAllister Schofield who was the Commanding General of the U.S. Army from 1888 to 1895. Today the base is home to the 25th Infantry Division and U.S. Army Garrison Hawaii Headquarters.

For more information, please see the base website: Schofield Barracks

Tripler Medical Center

Situated on the slopes of Moanalua Ridge in Oahu, Tripler Medical Center is the only federal tertiary care hospital in the entire Pacific Basin. Between 1907 and 1948, the medical center was located on Fort Shafter and only provided basic medical care. The architectural design of the hospital is actually inspired by the Royal Hawaiian Hotel in Waikiki, and upon completion in 1948 it was prepared to treat the influx of wounded soldiers from World War II. 

For more information, please see the base website: Tripler Medical Center

USCG Sector Honolulu

Sector Honolulu is the primary Coast Guard unit responsible for maritime safety, law enforcement, search and rescue, and environmental protection in the Hawaiian region. It was established in 2005 when the Coast Guard implemented a nationwide restructuring to establish Sectors as the primary operation units responsible for specific geographic areas. 

For more information, please see the base website: USCG Sector Honolulu

Wheeler Army Airfield

The airfield was established in 1922 in honor of Major Sheldon H. Wheeler, the former commander of Luke Field who died in a plane crash the previous year. Wheeler was involved in the first nonstop transpacific flight from the U.S. mainland to Hawaii in 1927 and the first solo flight from Hawaii to the U.S. mainland by Amelia Earhart in 1935. Wheeler Army Airfield was a primary target for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor due to its high concentration of aircraft that could fight back. For a short time the airfield was owned by the U.S. Air Force, but in 1961 it was transferred back to the U.S. Army and it remains an active Army airfield today.

For more information, please see the base website: Wheeler Army Airfield

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